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Innovations in nanomaterials for proton exchange membrane fuel cells / Robin Sandström.

Sandström, Robin, 1988- (författare)
Wågberg, Thomas, 1971- (preses)
Edman, Ludvig, 1967- (preses)
Nitze, Florian, 1981- (preses)
Sun, Licheng (opponent)
Umeå universitet. Institutionen för fysik (utgivare)
Alternativt namn: Engelska: Department of Physics
Publicerad: Umeå : Umeå University, 2019
Engelska 88 sidor
Läs hela texten (Fritt tillgänglig via Umeå universitet)
Läs hela texten (Fritt tillgänglig via Umeå universitet)
  • E-bokAvhandling(Diss. (sammanfattning) Umeå : Umeå universitet, 2019)
Sammanfattning Ämnesord
Stäng  
  • Hydrogen technologies are rapidly receiving increased attention as it offers a renewable energy alternative to the current petroleum-based fuel infrastructure, considering that continued large-scale use of such fossil fuels will lead to disastrous impacts on our environment. The proton exchange membrane fuel cell should play a significant role in a hydrogen economy since it enables convenient and direct conversion of hydrogen into electricity, thus allowing the use of hydrogen in applications particularly suited for the transportation industry. To fully realize this, multiple engineering challenges as well as development of advanced nanomaterials must however be addressed. In this thesis, we present discoveries of new innovative nanomaterials for proton exchange membrane fuel cells by targeting the entire membrane electrode assembly. Conceptually, we first propose new fabrication techniques of gas diffusion electrodes based on helical carbon nanofibers, where an enhanced three-phase boundary was noted in particular for hierarchical structures. The cathode catalyst, responsible for facilitating the sluggish oxygen reduction reaction, was further improved by the synthesis of platinum-based nanoparticles with an incorporated secondary metal (iron, yttrium and cobalt). Here, both solvothermal and high-temperature microwave syntheses were employed. Catalytic activities were improved compared to pure platinum and could be attributed to favorably shifted oxygen adsorption energies as a result of successful incorporation of the non-precious metal. As best exemplified by platinum-iron nanoparticles, the oxygen reduction reaction was highly sensitive to both metal composition and the type of crystal structure. Finally, a proton exchange membrane based on fluorine and sulfonic acid functionalized graphene oxide was prepared and tested in hydrogen fuel cell conditions, showing improvements such as lowered hydrogen permeation and better structural stability. Consequently, we have demonstrated that there is room for improvement of multiple components, suggesting that more powerful fuel cells can likely be anticipated in the future. 

Ämnesord

Bränsleceller  (sao)
Nanoteknik  (sao)
Engineering and Technology  (hsv)
Environmental Engineering  (hsv)
Energy Systems  (hsv)
Teknik och teknologier  (hsv)
Naturresursteknik  (hsv)
Energisystem  (hsv)
Nano Technology  (hsv)
Nanoteknik  (hsv)
Materials Engineering  (hsv)
Other Materials Engineering  (hsv)
Materialteknik  (hsv)
Annan materialteknik  (hsv)
Chemical Engineering  (hsv)
Other Chemical Engineering  (hsv)
Kemiteknik  (hsv)
Annan kemiteknik  (hsv)
Physical Sciences  (hsv)
Condensed Matter Physics  (hsv)
Fysik  (hsv)
Den kondenserade materiens fysik  (hsv)
Nanotechnology  (LCSH)

Genre

government publication  (marcgt)

Indexterm och SAB-rubrik

Fuel Cells
Membrane Electrode Assembly
Oxygen Reduction Reaction
Platinum alloy catalyst
Nanoparticles
Gas Diffusion Electrode
Proton Exchange Membrane

Klassifikation

620.115 (DDC)
P.01 (kssb/8 (machine generated))
Inställningar Hjälp

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