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Co-firing complex biomass in a CFB boiler [Elektronisk resurs] ash transformation, corrosion control and materials selection / Henrik Hagman.

Hagman, Henrik, 1980- (författare)
Boström, Dan (preses)
Backman, Rainer (preses)
Lundberg, Mats (preses)
Åmand, Lars-Erik (opponent)
Umeå universitet. Tillämpad fysik och elektronik (utgivare)
Publicerad: Umeå : Department of applied physics and electronics, Umeå university, 2018
Engelska 106 s.
Läs hela texten (Fritt tillgänglig via Umeå universitet)
Läs hela texten (Fritt tillgänglig via Umeå universitet)
  • E-bokAvhandling(Diss. (sammanfattning) Umeå : Umeå universitet, 2018)
Sammanfattning Ämnesord
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  • The effects of greenhouse gas net emissions on global warming, stricter legislation on waste handling, and the pursuit of ever cheaper heat- and power production are all important factors driving the introduction of complex fuels in incineration plants. However - without fundamental knowledge regarding ash transformation, corrosion control, and materials selection – this introduction of potentially economically and environmentally beneficial fuels, might instead cause economic loss and environmentally adverse effects. The present work is a contribution to the transition from today's CO 2 net generating energy conversion system, to a more environmentally friendly and cost-efficient one. This is done using scientific methods to generate knowledge concerning mechanisms of ash transformation, corrosion control, and materials selection, in a co-fired industrial scale circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boiler, using a novel and biomass-based fuel mix, rich in Na, K, Cl, N, S, P, Ca and Si. Fuel fractions, ashes, flue gas, deposits, and construction material samples have been collected and analyzed using various techniques, including scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and X-ray Diffraction (XRD). The experimental results have been evaluated and interpreted using chemical equilibrium calculations. The results of this work include: 1) An analysis of; the failure and preventive maintenance statistics of the industrial scale CFB boiler at hand; the elemental composition of boiler ashes and deposits, the flue gas composition and elemental composition of a multitude of fuel fractions; correlations between boiler design, operational parameters, elemental composition of deposits and boiler availability; a boiler elemental mass balance revealing details regarding deposit buildup mechanisms; properties of the fly ash relevant to flue gas filter design; and findings regarding the nitrogen chemistry of the novel and nitrogen-rich fuel mix. 2) Speciation and description of the overall ash transformation and fireside alloy interaction, enabling the implementation of on-line corrosion control which significantly inhibits superheater and dew-point corrosion in the boiler; and, an equation describing the sulfation potential of the fuel mix, as a result of the direct and indirect interactions between all major ash-forming elements. 3) A literature review relevant for the co-fired CFB cyclone vortex finder alloy selection and corrosion at 880 °C; An alloy selection study including long term exposures of several commercially available alloys identifying materials that are more than twice as cost-efficient as the often used alloy 253MA; a suggestion of novel methods for both systematic comparison of heavily degraded alloys, and for alloy service-life estimations; a detailed analysis of heavily degraded alloys 310S, 800H/HT and 600, identifying the driving corrosion mechanisms of the VF alloy degradation, including aspects of how the alloy internal mass transport and fireside surface interaction develops over time. The knowledge gained during this project has been used in the improvement work of the Perstorp 50 MWth CFB boiler, improving the boiler availability with 7 %, reducing the overall energy conversion costs with around 1.7 MEUR/year. 

Ämnesord

Förbränningsteknik  (sao)
Biobränslen  (sao)
Bränsleanalys  (sao)
Korrosion  (sao)
Kemiteknik  (sao)
Energiteknik  (sao)
Chemical Engineering  (hsv)
Corrosion Engineering  (hsv)
Korrosionsteknik  (hsv)
Chemical Process Engineering  (hsv)
Kemiska processer  (hsv)
Mechanical Engineering  (hsv)
Reliability and Maintenance  (hsv)
Maskinteknik  (hsv)
Tillförlitlighets- och kvalitetsteknik  (hsv)
Energy Engineering  (hsv)
Biomass energy  (LCSH)
Chemical engineering  (LCSH)
Corrosion and anti-corrosives  (LCSH)
Combustion engineering  (LCSH)

Indexterm och SAB-rubrik

ash transformation
process control
equilibrium calculations
boiler availability
failures
alloy selection
alloy degradation
vortex finder (VF)
service life estimation
sulfation
chloridation
high temperature corrosion
biomass
waste derived fuels
forest residues
RDF
Biomal
slaughterhouse waste
peat
waste wood
industrial waste water treatment sludge
HAD
RSMT
Alloy 253MA
Alloy 310S
Alloy 800H/HT
Alloy DS
Alloy 600

Klassifikation

621.4023 (DDC)
Pac (kssb/8 (machine generated))
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