In this paper, the meaning and use of the evidential particle bilee and its shortened derived form lee in Khalkha Mongolian are investigated. In indicatives, bilee is used to indicate one's own recollection. Simple past is formed together with the past inferential - j . Similarly, with a hortative mood bilee indicates the recollection of one's mental state. Both confirmation and surprise can be found as connotations, but the notion of surprise even appears to have grammaticalized into the more specific construction - na lee which either expresses surprise or is used to beg for attention. In questions, bilee can both express that one has witnessed, but cannot recall a given event, or an event that the addressee is presumed to remember. With the imperfective - dag , bilee can sometimes induce mono-occasional readings, but these are even possible with - dag alone or most commonly with - dag baijee .
Humanities and the Arts (hsv)
Languages and Literature (hsv)
General Language Studies and Linguistics (hsv)
Humaniora och konst (hsv)
Språk och litteratur (hsv)
Jämförande språkvetenskap och allmän lingvistik (hsv)