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Sustainable Horticulture in Semiarid Dry Lands [Elektronisk resurs] / by Shrikant Hiwale.

Hiwale, Shrikant (författare)
SpringerLink (Online service) 
ISBN 9788132222446
Publicerad: New Delhi : Springer, 2015
Engelska online resource (xxxiv, 393 s.)
  • E-bok
Innehållsförteckning Sammanfattning Ämnesord
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  • Introduction -- PART I. Sustainable Horticulture -- Problems of Horticulture in Semiarid rain fed areas -- Scope of Horticulture -- PART II. Crop Specific Production Technologies for Semiarid Rain Fed Areas -- Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana Lamk.) -- Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) -- Aonla (Indian gooseberry) -- Mango (Mangifera indica L.) -- Sapota [Manilkara achrus (Mill) Forsberg] -- Custard Apple (Annona squamosa L.) -- Phalsa (Grwia subinaequalis L.) -- Fig (Ficus carica) -- Bael (Aegle marmelos Correa.) -- Tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) -- Guava (Psidium guajava) -- Wood Apple (Feronia limonia Linn.) -- Jamun (Syzygium cuminii) -- Chironji (Buchanania lanzan Spreng.) -- Mahua (Bassia latifolia Roxb.) -- Non Traditional Crops: Cashew (Anacardium occidentale) -- Non Traditional Crops: Manila Tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) -- PART III. Agro Forestry Species -- Neem (Azadirachta indica) -- Leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala) -- Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus sp.) -- Bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris sp.) -- Pasture Species-Cenchrus -- Pasture Species-Stylosanthes -- PART IV. Alternate Land Use Systems Semiarid Rain Fed Areas (Horti–Agri, Horti–Silvi–Pastoral, Horti–Silvi) -- Alternate Land-Use Systems or Sustainable Development -- PART V. Post Harvest Studies -- Prolonging Shelf Life of Some Semiarid Fruits -- Postharvest Enzymatic Activity of Some Arid Zone Fruits as Influenced by Chemical Treatments and Storage Period -- Value Addition in Underutilized Fruits. 
  • This book discusses ways of increasing production/unit area by making full use of the soil and water under the harsh climatic conditions of semiarid areas. This leads to improved sustainability, increased availability of fresh produce, which is vital for human health and higher incomes for small and marginal farmers. Arid and semiarid areas account for almost 70 per cent of the total cropped area of India. In these areas physical constraints like low and erratic rainfall, high temperature, high wind velocity, low fertility, poor soil structure, salinity of soil and ground water all limit reliable crop production. In the absence of any type of aggregation, the soils are highly erodible, lack structure and have a very coarse in texture with low water holding capacity. Intensive agricultural practices, increasing population pressure, climatic changes, environmental pollution, loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, salinization and water depletion are all threatening the sustainability of agriculture. In view of the mounting demand for food, it is vital to link enhanced food production with nutritional security, conservation of natural resources, increasing farmers’ incomes, employment generation through agricultural diversification. Horticulture, particularly of fruit trees, can play a major role in solving the problem of nutrition, as fruits are rich source of vitamins and minerals and have antioxidant properties. Fruit trees, which are mostly deciduous, add leaf litter to the soil, and this ultimately helps to improve the condition of the soil. In addition, fruit trees are known to reduce soil erosion and reduce run off. The trees also play a major role in purifying the environment as they are the known carbon sequesters. Fruit-tree cultivation is a profitable preposition. There is no scope to increase the land surface; all increase in productivity therefore has to be from the available land. This means introducing cropping systems that can meet the basic food, fodder and fuel requirement of farming families. 

Ämnesord

Arid regions  (LCSH)
Sustainable horticulture  (LCSH)
Geography  (LCSH)
Life sciences  (LCSH)
Statistics  (LCSH)
Environmental sciences  (LCSH)
Social sciences  (LCSH)
Earth Sciences 
Earth Sciences, general 
Environment, general 
Life Sciences, general 
Social Sciences, general 
Statistics, general 

Klassifikation

GB3-5030 (LCC)
QE1-996.5 (LCC)
RB (ämneskategori)
SCI019000 (ämneskategori)
550 (DDC)
Ud (kssb/8 (machine generated))
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