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International electoral standards [Elektronisk resurs] : guidelines for reviewing the legal framework of elections.

International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA). 
Stockholm : International IDEA, 2002.
Engelska vi, 116 p.
Serie: Guidelines series
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  • CONTENTS:. 
  • 1. THE BASES OF INTERNATIONALLY-RECOGNIZED ELECTORAL STANDARDS. 
  • Primary sources. 
  • Supplementary sources. 
  • General approach. 
  • Accurate translations. 
  • Prioritizing recommendations. 
  • Rationalizing recommendations. 
  • Finer detail: laws or regulations. 
  • 2. STRUCTURING THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK. 
  • Scope of the legal framework for elections. 
  • Use and merit of the written law. 
  • Constitutional provisions. 
  • General versus specific election legislation. 
  • Election legislation versus other legislation. 
  • Election legislation and EMB's instructions and directions. 
  • Election legislation and codes of conduct. 
  • Checklist. 
  • 3. THE ELECTORAL SYSTEM. 
  • Choosing an electoral system. 
  • Institutions elected and frequency of elections. 
  • Special provisions for under-represented groups. 
  • 4. BOUNDARY DELIMITATION, DISTRICTING OR DEFINING BOUNDARIES OF. 
  • ELECTORAL UNITS. 
  • Representativeness. 
  • Equality of voting strength. 
  • Reciprocity and non-discrimination. 
  • 5. THE RIGHT TO ELECT AND TO BE ELECTED. 
  • Universal and equal suffrage. 
  • Non-discrimination. 
  • Scrutiny of restrictions on suffrage. 
  • 6. ELECTORAL MANAGEMENT BODIES. 
  • General overview. 
  • Formation of electoral management bodies. 
  • Operation of electoral management bodies. 
  • 7. VOTER REGISTRATION AND VOTER REGISTERS. 
  • Transparency. 
  • Protection of personal data and information. 
  • 8. BALLOT ACCESS FOR POLITICAL PARTIES AND CANDIDATES. 
  • Equitable treatment. 
  • Registration of political parties. 
  • Ballot access. 
  • 9. DEMOCRATIC ELECTORAL CAMPAIGNS. 
  • Campaign violence. 
  • Campaign mechanisms. 
  • Sanctions. 
  • Basic assumptions. 
  • Code of conduct reflecting campaign legislation provisions. 
  • 1O. MEDIA ACCESS AND FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION. 
  • Equitable treatment and access. 
  • Limitations on free expression. 
  • 11. CAMPAIGN FINANCE AND EXPENDITURE. 
  • Public funding. 
  • Private funding contributions. 
  • Expenditure control. 
  • Reporting and disclosure requirements. 
  • Monitoring and enforcing compliance. 
  • 12. BALLOTING. 
  • Secrecy of the ballot. 
  • Voting procedures. 
  • Balancing voter convenience with safeguards against fraud. 
  • 13. COUNTING AND TABULATING VOTES. 
  • General principles. 
  • Counting ballots. 
  • Tabulating results. 
  • Publication of counting, tabulation and consolidation of results. 
  • Effective date of certified results. 
  • Personal safety exception. 
  • 14. ROLE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE PARTIES AND CANDIDATES. 
  • Observation and monitoring role. 
  • Recording complaints and challenges. 
  • Rights of representatives of the parties and candidates. 
  • Conduct of representatives of the parties and candidates. 
  • 15. ELECTORAL OBSERVERS. 
  • Domestic election observers. 
  • International election observers. 
  • 16. COMPLIANCE WITH AND ENFORCEMENT OF ELECTORAL LAW. 

Ämnesord

Elections. 
Democracy. 
Freedom of expression. 
Law. 

Indexterm och SAB-rubrik

Elections.
Democracy.
Freedom of expression.
Law.
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